What is it? It's a liquid chemical fertilizer when stored under pressure. It turns into a gas when released into the atmosphere.
How is it used? It is injected 7-10 centimeters into the soil and adheres to water in the soil.
Why is it used? It is cheap compared to other fertilizers.
How much is used? 612,000 tonnes were used across the Canadian Prairies in 2000 and 184,000 tonnes in Manitoba.
How is it stored? In thick metal tanks.
Potential Hazard? In small doses, it can irritate the eyes and throat. In larger doses, it can burn eyes and the respiratory tract and is potentially lethal.
What does it look like? It escapes as a large white cloud.
How does it smell? Foul.
What do you do if you come in contact? Get upwind of the cloud. If you are indoors, stay there unless otherwise notified.
What To Do In The Event of A Spill
What should you do in event of an Anhydrous ammonia or other hazardous material spill?
- Go indoors and stay there. There is enough air to last at least three hours, which is ample time for emergency teams to respond to the spill.
- Close all outside doors and every door inside the building.
- Close all windows.
- Do not use the bathroom vents or kitchen vents.
- Set the thermostats so air conditioners, furnaces and hot water tanks will not come on.
- Do not use fireplaces. Close all dampers.
- Do not operate clothes dryers.
- Shelter in an inside room away from doors and windows if possible.
- Reduce or avoid smoking because it contaminates the air.
- Do not leave building until told to do so.
- Stay tuned to local television or radio for more information.
- Do not use the telephone. It may tie up the phone lines.