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When people become injured it is important to be prepared to help them by getting help as quickly as possible and providing first aid until professional help arrives.


  • Contact the local Red Cross or St. John Ambulance for first aid information.
  • Learn first aid and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) from St. John Ambulance or the Red Cross.
  • Obtain a first aid kit for your home, business, vehicles, and boat.
  • Make sure that everyone knows where the first aid kit is located.
  • Be aware: there are diseases that may be transmitted from one person to another by blood contact. Protect yourself by wearing latex gloves (from first aid kit).


  • Follow your first aid training.
  • Be sure there is no further danger to you or the victim.
  • Phone 911 and follow the directions provided by the 911 operator.
  • Help the person lie down or get comfortable.
  • Stay with the person until help arrives.
  • If the person may have a broken bone, do not move them except to prevent further injury.
  • If the person is bleeding, wear gloves and apply firm pressure directly over the wound.
  • If the person has a burn caused by fire, hot solids, hot liquids or the sun: cool the affected area with cold water. If it is a chemical burn, brush any dry chemical from the skin and flood with cold water.
  • If the person has been exposed to a poison: identify the poison and if you are unable to contact 911, follow the directions on the container.
  • If a chemical is in the person's eyes, immediately flood the eyes with gently running room temperature water for at least 15 minutes.
  • If a person is choking, encourage them to cough.
  • If a person has a puncture wound to an eye, cover it lightly with bandages.
  • If a person is extremely cold: remove any wet clothing and wrap the person in blankets. Cover their head and provide a warm nonalcoholic drink if they are conscious.
  • If a person is extremely hot: move them to a cool place and gradually sponge them with cold water and ice.
  • Provide fluids to drink if they are conscious.
  • In all cases ensure that you have called 911 for assistance.

This information is designed as a guide to assist you during emergencies. It is not intended as a substitute for detailed first aid or medical training. It is recommended that the Red Cross or St. John Ambulance be contacted for additional training or information.