When people become injured it is important to be prepared to help them by getting help as quickly as possible and providing first aid until professional help arrives.
THINGS TO DO BEFORE SOMEONE BECOMES INJURED
- Contact the local Red Cross or St. John Ambulance for first aid information.
- Learn first aid and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) from St. John Ambulance or the Red Cross.
- Obtain a first aid kit for your home, business, vehicles, and boat.
- Make sure that everyone knows where the first aid kit is located.
- Be aware: there are diseases that may be transmitted from one person to another by blood contact. Protect yourself by wearing latex gloves (from first aid kit).
THINGS TO DO WHEN SOMEONE IS INJURED
- Follow your first aid training.
- Be sure there is no further danger to you or the victim.
- Phone 911 and follow the directions provided by the 911 operator.
- Help the person lie down or get comfortable.
- Stay with the person until help arrives.
- If the person may have a broken bone, do not move them except to prevent further injury.
- If the person is bleeding, wear gloves and apply firm pressure directly over the wound.
- If the person has a burn caused by fire, hot solids, hot liquids or the sun: cool the affected area with cold water. If it is a chemical burn, brush any dry chemical from the skin and flood with cold water.
- If the person has been exposed to a poison: identify the poison and if you are unable to contact 911, follow the directions on the container.
- If a chemical is in the person's eyes, immediately flood the eyes with gently running room temperature water for at least 15 minutes.
- If a person is choking, encourage them to cough.
- If a person has a puncture wound to an eye, cover it lightly with bandages.
- If a person is extremely cold: remove any wet clothing and wrap the person in blankets. Cover their head and provide a warm nonalcoholic drink if they are conscious.
- If a person is extremely hot: move them to a cool place and gradually sponge them with cold water and ice.
- Provide fluids to drink if they are conscious.
- In all cases ensure that you have called 911 for assistance.
This information is designed as a guide to assist you during emergencies. It is not intended as a substitute for detailed first aid or medical training. It is recommended that the Red Cross or St. John Ambulance be contacted for additional training or information.